Karishma Smart Green Building Technologies

header photo

BEYOND SMART CITIES: It’s Time for Urban Sustainable Development

  Since 2008, the majority of the world’s population lives in cities. More than 70% of the global GDP is begotten in cities. Icons of the fi­nancial markets, cities attract talent, forge creativity, boost entrepreneurship and wit­ness mass consumption. Fast increasing urbanization has become the flagship of glo­balization.

 Cities stand at the center of the biggest global challenges: climate change, pollution and energy; employment creation and economic development; poverty and inequality; sustainability and resilience; crime, safety and security; freedom and democracy; efficient and ef­fective delivery of public goods.

 Key urban stakeholders –governments, private sector, international organizations, academia, professionals and civil society- emphasize the need to integrate urban equity into development policy.

Cities, as the main capital-drivers, are catalytic in creating wealth and job opportunities but also responsible to address inequality. Ap­plying the principle of equity not only entails treating different peo­ple as equal, but also not treating equal people differently.

Local government, with cities at the forefront, is the type of govern­ment that most directly impacts on people’s lives.

Cities meet and learn from each other. They use a peer-to-peer meth­odology that is useful in uncovering best proven practices and poli­cies in a wide range of urban disciplines.

Directly linked to the empowerment of cities and local governance, technological change is driving urban transformation.

Too much dependency on private initiative and know-how can cre­ate a technological loop that compromises the security of data. It risks the system to fail; it discusses the ownership of data storage; and it deals with the issues about its ethical use.

A ‘too smart’ city, with a single-minded use of technology based on infrastructure optimization only, can even widen inequality.

Bringing sociology, anthropology, psychology, behavioural economics and other related disciplines is critical for the evolution of a multidis­ciplinary framework of analysis that must contribute to evolve from chaos to concept.

  • Cities are the fundamental socioeconomic, cultural and political organizing systems of this century.
  • Decentralization towards local governance: cities and technology at the forefront
  • Equitable sustainable development requires a more holistic conceptualization of urban development hinging upon citizens’ centrality
  • Cities are dynamic systems that act, interact and constantly change like local milieus.
  • To talk about urban development is to talk about endogenous development.

A ‘too smart’ city, with a single-minded use of technology based on infrastructure optimization only, can even widen inequality. A Smart City, if not consciously led and managed to make tech­nological and economic development equitable, is like a high-tech version of the ‘entrepreneurial city’. Equitable sustainable development requires a more holistic conceptualization of ur­ban development hinging upon citizens’ centrality. However, a conscious and devoted effort to turn smart technology into equitable development requires smart leadership. A leadership that is smart is a type of leadership that measures the impacts of policies; grasps a holistic understanding of the inter relations among urban dynamics and processes; and it is highly moti­vated to assess criteria from the higher conscious level of ap­plying the equitable criterion to urban development policies.



Air pollution has the potential to impact everyone, both at home and their place of work, through long term chronic ill health effects to short –term acute nuisance exposure. Consequently the measurement, prediction, controls and management of air pollution is critical to protect the health of employees and neighbours.

KSGBT has team of multi disciplinary air quality specialist with the skills and experience in all aspects of commercial air quality services.

Air Quality capabilities include:

Environmental impact assessment

Local air quality management

Computation dispersion modelling

Air quality monitoring studies

Occupational exposure assessments

Odour and dust nuisance complaints assessment

Applications and supporting air quality services

Process emissions monitoring

Advice on pollution abetment

Data analysis and statistical presentation


KSGBT Solutions offers a complete portfolio of energy services to assess your specific situation and develop opportunities for improvement .We can help manage your energy costs, and create sustainable energy programme. We have provided energy services and advice to our clients for over a decade and our multidisciplinary teams can support you with our proven experience in energy assessments, asset management of energy.


KSGBT experts have worked on National Strategies here in the India and Middle East and have also had hands on experience of cutting edge waste project delivery. This combination allows ambitious waste minimization, recovery and diversion targets to be set and achieved.

The targeted skills of KSGBT Resource efficiency team enable the right solution to be chosen and seen through by truly unlocking the human potential which is the key to sustainable resource management.

India has unique opportunity to employ the best systems to minimize, re-use, recover and treat resources during its unprecedented and ongoing success.

Recovering and reusing the sustainable materials and minimizing wastes are central to the ethos of KSGBT and we are the ideal partner to help India’s stakeholder achieve these visions.

Our Skills include:

Waste Strategy and procurement

Contract management

Building waste management system design and procurement ‘CDM Project delivery

Waste treatment and disposal technology assessment and selection, design and engineering

Industrial waste minimization and management systems

Medical waste systems development and implementation

Designing and implementing efficient municipal waste collection, street cleansing, recycling and composting recovery and landfill systems and operations.

Public communications strategy and implementation and success monitoring


According to International Water Management Institute (IWMI), India will face a water scarcity due to global warming and population explosion. This in turn will lead to chronic dependency on costly and unpredictable food imports.

IWMI projections show that India’s water demand is set to double by 2030 as its population is expected to go from 1.2 billion to around 1.6-1.7 billion.

India will need 1,498 billion cubic metres (bcm) by 2030. Disturbingly, the total water supply will only rise to 744 bcm, or barely half the total requirement.

To encourage the more sustainable use of water ,KSGBT is able to provide a series of inter-related services

Water saving systems and technologies

Grey water recycling systems

Water efficiency services

Water monitoring and control


Smart Green Building

Green building is smart building. Not taking the conventional route does add an extra expense, but payback is short. A lot shorter than most people think. And once built, a green building delivers a lifetime of energy savings. Though savings (in both Rs and the Earth’s resources) are reason enough to build green, the benefits don’t stop there. Green buildings are more comfortable, healthier, return higher productivity rates and have a higher resale value

Sustainability… the conscious and pro-active management of economic growth that ensures a good quality of life for future generations.

What Makes a Building Green?

• Minimum disturbance to site conditions

• Use of Recycled & Environmental Friendly Building Material

• Use of Non-Toxic and recycled/recyclable Materials

• Efficient use of Water and Water Recycling

• Use of Energy Efficient and Eco-Friendly Equipment

• Use of Renewable Energy

• Indoor Air Quality for Human Safety and Comfort

• Effective Controls and Building Management Systems

Benefits of Green Building  

  • Increased asset Value
  • Tenant retention and satisfaction
  • Shareholder value
  • Employee satisfaction and morale  Stakeholder relations
  • Higher return on investment
  • Net operating income (NOI) via lower operating costs  Productivity improvements

 Key findings include:

Design and Construction Costs: Research shows that building green does not necessarily need to cost more, particularly when cost strategies, program management and environmental strategies are integrated into the development process right from the start;

Asset Value: As investors and occupiers become more knowledgeable about and concerned with the environmental and social impacts of the built environment, buildings with better sustainability credentials will have increased marketability. In fact, studies from around the world demonstrate a pattern of greener buildings being able to more easily attract tenants and to command higher rents and sale prices;

Operating Costs: Green buildings have been shown to save money through reduced energy and water use and lower long-term operations and maintenance costs. The energy savings alone typically exceed any cost premiums associated with their design and construction within a reasonable payback period;

Workplace Productivity and Health: Research shows that the green design attributes of buildings and indoor environments can improve worker productivity and occupant health and well-being, resulting in bottom line benefits for businesses;

Risk Mitigation: Sustainability risk factors can significantly affect the rental income and the future value of real estate assets, in turn affecting their return on investment. Regulatory risks have become increasingly apparent in countries and cities around the world, including mandatory disclosure, building codes and laws banning inefficient buildings.

Karishma Smart Green Building Technologies(P)Ltd  utilizes in house expertise and proprietary tools to ensure that client projects achieve maximum value for their sustainable building before, during and after construction.

Corporate Sustainability Consulting

KSG Building Technologies Corporate Sustainability Consulting assists companies in creating, implementing and managing global sustainability initiatives and policies. From company operations to product design, our sustainability consulting services pinpoint areas for improvement and detail possible solutions in regards to energy efficiency, carbon emissions, environmental management and sustainable strategy.

The complete service will enhance company efficiency and increase profitability, while promoting a new philosophy of operating as a sustainable business.

KSG Building Technologies Corporate Sustainability Consulting can perform a systematic analysis of company operations or products including:

• Life Cycle Assessment according to ISO 14040/44
• Carbon footprint analysis
• Greenhouse Gas Accounting
• Design for Environment, Design for Compliance
• Energy Efficiency / Benchmarking studies
• Greening the supply chain
• Material Flow Analysis
• Global Reporting Initiative

KSG Building Technologies Corporate Sustainability Consulting is a combination of services in different areas of Corporate Social Responsibility that offer corporations a solution to the implementation of sustainable business practices

 Smart Green Transportation Services


• Provide strategic direction on key principles of transportation to Urban Planners, policy makers and other stakeholders in the development of local and regional transportation infrastructures.

• Facilitate and integrated approach to ensure a diversity of options and interregional equity


Movement in cities is not an end in itself. We move in order to gain access to people and things. But in car-oriented cities, activities tend to spread out. This forces people to travel further and further for the same level of accessibility as before. The resulting urban sprawl creates a multitude of problems including traffic congestion, infrastructure degradation, loss of productivity, and increases in carbon emissions from vehicles.

Smart Green transportation concerns systems, policies, and technologies
for the safe and efficient delivery of people and products while minimizing the problems of urban sprawl. Sustainable transportation aims for the well-organized transit of goods and services, and sustainable freight and delivery  systems.

The design of vehicle-free city planning, along with pedestrian and bicycle friendly neighborhoods is a critical aspect for the transformation of urban congestion into productive mobility. In addition, sustainable transportation design considers alternatives to physical movement such as telecommuting and flexible work centers that reduce or eliminate vehicular travel.

A  Smart Green transportation system achieves

• Allowance for the basic access needs of individuals and societies to be met safely and in a manner consistent with human and ecosystem health, and with equity within and between generations.

• Affordable, efficient operations, choice of transport mode, and support for a vibrant economy.

• Limits on emissions and waste which are within the planet’s ability to absorb them, minimal consumption of non-renewable resources, limits on consumption of renewable resources to the sustainable yield level, the reuse and recycling of components, and minimal use of land and noise production.

Benefits of Smart Green Transportation

creating transportation infrastructure that is conducive to moving people and products safely and efficiently with minimal vehicular traffic offers many benefits. Cities all over the world that have developed on sustainable transportation principles have been rewarded with greater community access, stronger economies, and a higher quality of life. Measures taken that enhance public transportation, walking, and cycling also produce distinct local advantages such as:

• Attraction of New Businesses
• Stimulation of Local Retail Trade and Sales
• Encouragement of High Value Land Use
• Reduction in Transportation/Infrastructure Costs
• Job Creation
• New Technologies/Services
• Greater Community Liveability

How can KSG Building Technologies  help

KSG Building Technologies provides strategic direction on the key principles of sustainable transportation to assist urban planners, policy makers, and other stakeholders in the development of local and regional transportation infrastructure. Through extensive collaboration with local stakeholders, creative and individual solutions are developed that improve access, strengthen the community and protect environmental resources. KSG Building Technologies facilitates an integrated approach to ensure a diversity of options and to ensure interregional equity is maintained. Our sustainable transportation services are one more way to
move the world towards a sustainable future. KSG Building Technologies sustainable transportation strategies target the following:

Urban Planning and Transportation Planning:

• Concentrate urban growth, limit sprawl and provide for more mixed land use through urban structure and land use policies. This reduces demand (especially for automobile trips) by moving origins and destinations closer together and also help reduce habitat destruction and loss of agricultural and recreational

• Give priority to less polluting, lower impact modes of transportation in the design of transportation systems and urban areas. Pedestrian and cycling paths should be provided as attractive and safe alternatives to cars.

• Maintain and enhance the health and viability of urban public transit systems.

• Integrate transport modes, whether for passengers or goods, in order to provide more efficient goods movement, and to increase the availability of lower impact transportation options such as public transit.

• Protect historical sites and archaeological resources, reduce noise pollution, and consider aesthetics in the planning, design and construction of transportation systems.

Effective Transportation Decision Making Processes:

• Ensure public and private sector stakeholders coordinate their transportation planning, development and delivery activities. These transportation decisions should also be integrated with environment, health, energy and urban land-use decisions.

• Make transportation-related decisions in an open and inclusive process. Inform the public about transportation options and impacts, and encourage them to participate in decision making so that the needs of different communities (i.e. rural vs. urban; cyclists vs. drivers, etc.) can be understood and accounted for.

• Anticipate environmental or social impacts of transportation-related decisions rather than trying to react to them after they have occurred. This will result in considerable cost savings since transportation decisions often involve costly, long-term infrastructure investments.

• Consider both the global and local social, economic and environmental effects of decisions.

Improved Access:

•   Incorporate demand management to protect social and economic needs for access by altering urban form, promoting new communications technologies, and developing more efficient routes - while reducing total transportation needs.

• Provide access to varying transportation options to give the public a diversity of choices in transportation access 

Smart Green Manufacturing Services

• Review of Manufacturing Client whole product cycle to optimize the life cycle of the systems, products, and associated services.
• Cradle to cradle life cycle cost analysis for individual products to achieve green recognition. • Review and analysis of the entire supply chain for optimization of material and energy and water consumption, waste outputs and associated costs.
• Assist in the documentation of sustainable practices to allow companies to meet Global Reporting Initiative protocols, and to enter the carbon cap and trade markets, and gain recognition as a socially responsible manufacturing company.

Smart Green manufacturing uses a more holistic approach that considers all life-cycle stages, from pre-manufacturing, manufacturing and use through post-use. These stages are spread across the entire supply chain with different partners managing activities at each of these stages. Thus, many players in the manufacturing process must adopt sustainable principles to ensure that higher production standards are met. To overcome this challenge, sustainable
manufacturing involves these key drivers:

• Development of frameworks to manage the new generation of sustainable supply chains

• Identification of effective metrics to measure economic environmental and societal impacts at each life-cycle stage in the supply chain

• Concurrent optimization of product and supply chain designs Sustainable manufacturing recognizes that the total lifecycle of a product, from its design, through its use to its retirement, is affected by a whole range of technical, economic, ecological and social aspects. Historically, product design has been used to ensure efficient manufacturing and market appeal, but now products must also be designed to take account of factors such as decommissioning and recycling. The holistic view of sustainable manufacturing takes the aim of adopting sustainable principles across the whole manufacturing life-cycle, and identifying all inputs and outputs for continuous improvement action.

Benefits of Smart Green Manufacturing

Many large, multinational companies are cognizant of impending global environmental regulations and growing consumer demand for a new generation of environmentally friendly products, and they are beginning to formulate their response. Some have embraced the notion that sustainable manufacturing techniques are competitive tools.

These companies are finding that sustainable manufacturing initiatives offer competitive market advantages. Manufacturers can actually save money by institutionalizing greener products and processes. Sustainable manufacturing has become not only a more responsible way for many organizations to do business, but a more profitable way as well.

With growing concerns in the world about the environmental effects of modern living practices and the role of manufactured products, the manufacturing industry is facing an escalating need to introduce sustainable manufacturing strategies. The benefits of these strategies include:

• Elimination of costly or wasteful materials
• Reduction in energy consumption and CO2 emissions
• Innovation in renewable or non-toxic materials
• Cleaner production and industrial outputs
• Optimization of supply chains and production structures
• Creation of additional product value
• Compliance with international standards

In addition to factors such as quality, cost-effectiveness and safety, sustainable manufacturing enhances product life-cycle and services. Sustainable manufacturing is the way to face future environmental and business concerns, including the escalating cost of resources such as water, energy and raw materials, and the introduction of more stringent regulations in relation to the use of these resources.

How can KSG Building Technologies help

KSG Building Technologies offers manufacturers access to extensive analytical tools and established databases to create strategic solutions for sustainable manufacturing. These tools combine life-cycle assessment and supply chain optimization with material and process analysis to appropriately balance factors including greenhouse gas emissions, energy and water consumption, waste outputs and associated costs.

KSG Building Technologies expertly guides product designers, suppliers, and manufacturers during the creation and implementation of individual and corporate sustainable policies to ensure that all stakeholders receive the best return on investment.

Further, KSG Building Technologies will assist in the documentation of sustainable practices to allow companies to follow Global Reporting Initiative protocols to gain benefits from carbon trading markets and international recognition KSG Building Technologies utilizes business analysis and sustainable expertise to not only reduce a manufacturer’s environmental footprint, but also reduce energy and raw material costs, mitigate risk, minimize costs associated with future carbon or other emissions taxes, improve public image, and increase

Smart Green Utilities Services

  • KSG Building Technologies will collaborate with local and/or national or global utilities to identify the attributes of sustainable utilities and to promote effective utility management.
  • KSG Building Technologies will provide management of infrastructure capital assets to minimize total cost of awning and operating them, while delivering desired service levels to customers.
  • KSG Building Technologies will provide Environmental Management Systems Integration into the daily business operations to allow environmental stewardship to become integral across the entire organization.

When talking about global utilities, this refers more often than not to electricity, water, and wastewater – generation, distribution and supply.

Utility generation has enormous environmental impacts and the more a utility company can do to maximize efficiency and minimize impacts the better. Some of the sustainability practices employed by utility generators:

• Improved supply and distribution efficiency - huge transformation losses (especially in coal, gas and geothermal generation) and transmission losses (which amounts to about 10% of all electricity generated globally) are an obvious target to get efficiencies
• Fuel switching from coal to gas
• Nuclear power
• Renewable heat and power (hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal and bioenergy)
• Combined heat and power
• Early applications of carbon capture and storage (CCS, e.g. storage of removed CO2 from natural gas)
• A basic water requirement guaranteed to restore and maintain the health of ecosystems.
• Institutional mechanisms developed to prevent and resolve conflicts over water.

Future initiatives include:

• CCS for gas, biomass and coal-fired electricity generating facilities
• Advanced nuclear power
• Advanced renewable energy, including tidal and waves energy, concentrating solar, and solar PV
• Water planning and decision-making will be democratic; ensuring representation of all affected parties and fostering direct participation of affected interests.

To achieve sustainability within the utility sector, companies that provide energy and water services must incorporate key concepts into business and production operations. These concepts not only improve upon business performance and return on investment, but provide the communities in which utility companies operate environmental protection and greater social well-being.

A truly sustainable utility integrates the following:

• Sustainable objectives set for economic, social & environmental
• A structured set of policies, procedures & practices externally audited
• Robust regulatory framework rewards best practice
• Highly developed risk management skills & techniques
• Excellence in demand management / asset management
• Business focus on efficiency & customer service
• Stewardship of the total water and energy cycle
• Right sized to professionally manage task

Benefits of Smart Green Utilities

Adoption of better management practices is an emerging trend throughout the utility industry. Widespread adoption of better management practices offers great promise to reduce costs and direct system investments using a risk-based approach. KSG Building Technologies works with utility companies to better understand what attributes are critical to their success, so that their success can be shared broadly across the industry.

By creating sustainable utilities, the companies and communities that utilize water and energy sources can realize many benefits. These benefits include:

• Higher product quality
• More customer satisfaction
• Employee and leadership development
• Operational optimization
• Financial viability
• Infrastructure stability
• Operational resiliency
• Community sustainability
• Resource adequacy
• Stakeholder understanding and support

How can KSG Building Technologies help

KSG Building Technologies works to create programs that are intended to help shift the utility management model beyond compliance to sustainability and improved performance. These programs emphasize more efficient network design and
enhanced data quality for more sustainable utilities.

• Effective Utility Management – working collaboratively with national and global organizations that support electric, water, and wastewater utilities to identify the attributes of sustainable utilities and to promote effective utility management.

• Asset Management - managing infrastructure capital assets to minimize the total cost of owning and operating them, while delivering the desired service

• Environmental Management Systems – integrating the environment into everyday business operations, and environmental stewardship becomes part of the daily responsibility for employees across an entire organization.

KSG Building Technologies uses experience in industry assessing, planning, and implementing programs with utilities companies to address the strategic, management and operational challenges facing these organizations. KSG Building Technologies develops close working relationships with the executive level and senior management teams of city governments, special water and energy districts, and private utility operators and is sensitive to the business needs of global clients. KSG Building Technologies is particularly adept at strategic planning, information technology master planning, organizational capabilities and work process improvement projects, workforce development and knowledge management programs, and asset management program development and implementation